All Issue

2021 Vol.34, Issue 5 Preview Page

Research Article

October 2021. pp. 491-501
Becking, R.W. 1957. Zurich-Montpellier School of Phytosociology. Bot. Rev. 23:411-488. 10.1007/BF02872328
Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964. Pflanzensoziolgie. 3rd ed. Wien, Springer, New York, USA. p. 865. 10.1007/978-3-7091-8110-2
Chung, G.Y., K.S. Chang, J.M. Chung, H.J. Choi, W.K. Paik and J.O. Hyun. 2017. A checklist of endemic plants on the Korean Peninsula. Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 47(3):264-288 (in Korean). 10.11110/kjpt.2017.47.3.264
Chung, Y.S. 1998. Effects of seed weight level on the germination and seedlings growth of Abies koreana. Kon-Kuk J. Nat. Sci. Tech. 9(1):7-14 (in Korean).
Gill, R.M.A. 1992. A review of damage by mammals in north temperate forests: 1. deer. Forestry 65(2):145-169. 10.1093/forestry/65.2.145
Harper, J. 1977. Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, New York, USA. p. 892.
Hong, S.G., J.J. Kim and H.K. Cho. 2008. Studies on natural regeneration of Abies koreana. The National Aca. Sci. 47(1): 71-84 (in Korean).
IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (accessed on 10 April 2020). species/31244/9618913.
Kang, M.I. 2013. Stock-farming folklife and extinction of Mt. Halla Sangsan-graze during the modern and contemporary. Research Institute for the Tamla Culture 43:137-195 (in Korean). 10.35221/tamla.2013..43.005
KBS. 2020. KBS Special UNESCO World Heritage 8-part Prologue Nature's Time Capsule. (accessed on 20 April 2020).
Kim, C.S., J.G. Koh and S.W. Lee. 2007. Korean Fir in Mt. Halla. Research Institute for Hallasan, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Jeju, Korea. pp. 1-184 (in Korean).
Kim, D.S., S.H. Ko, J.G. Kim and J.G. Koh. 2015. Growth dynamics of Korean fir in Mt. Hallasan. Proc. Korea Soc. Environ. Ecol. Con. 25(1):12.
Kim, E.S. 1994. Decline of tree growth and the changes of environmental factors on high altitude mountains. National Research Foundation of Korea. Daejeon, Korea. pp. 1-89 (in Korean).
Kim, E.S. 2015. Preservation/restoration problem of Hallasan Korean fir (Abies koreana) forest, stands at the crossroads of decline/degeneration. presentation of case studies on ecosystem monitoring in response to climate change and discussion of measures for conservation and restoration of Hallasan Korean fir forest. National Institute of Forest Science. Seoul, Korea. pp. 7-48 (in Korean).
Kim, E.S. 2016. Forest Ecological Considerations for Restoration of Korean fir (Abies koreana) forest: an Approach to Aging and Low Fertility Problems in Hallasan Korean fir forest. Symposium source-book for Conservation of Endangered & Korean endemic Coniferous Tree Species Due to Climate Change. National Institute of Forest Science. Seoul, Korea. pp. 1-144.
Kim, E.S., C.H. Oh, H.C. Park, S.H. Lee, J.H. Choi, S.H. Lee, H.B. Cho, W.T. Lim, H.J. Kim and Y.K. Yoon. 2016. Disturbed regeneration of saplings of Korean fir (Abies koreana Wilson), an endemic tree species, in Hallasan National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, Jeju Island, Korea. JMIC 5:68-78. 10.1016/j.imic.2016.02.001
Kim, E.S., J.W. Lee, I.J. Choi, W.T. Lim, J.H. Choi, C.H. Oh, S.H. Lee and Y.S. Kim. 2017. Disturbance in seedling development of Korean fir (Abies koreana Wilson) tree species on higher altitude forests of Mt. Hallasan National Park, the central part of Jeju Island, Korea. J. Ecol. and Environ. 41:22. 10.1186/s41610-017-0037-0
Kim, G.B., K.J. Lee and J.O. Hyun. 1998. Regeneration of seedlings under different vegetation types and effects of allelopathy on seedling establishment of Abies koreana in the Banyabong Peak, Mt. Chiri. J. Korean Soc. For. Sci. 87(2):230-238 (in Korean).
Kim, G.T., G.C. Choo and T.W. Um. 1997. Studies on the structure of forest community at Cheonwangbong - Deokpyungbong area in Chirisan National Park - Abies koreana Forest -. J. Korean Soc. For. Sci. 86(2):146-157 (in Korean).
Kim, G.T., G.C. Choo and T.W. Um. 2007. Studies on the structure of Abies koreana Community at subalpine zone in Hallasan. Korean J. Env. Eco. 21(2):161-167 (in Korean).
Kim, G.T., J.S. Kim and G.C. Choo. 1991. Studies on the structure of forest community at Banyabong area -Abies koreana forest-. Kor. J. Env. Eco. 5(1):25-31 (in Korean).
Kim, Y.S. 1996. Study on the Change of Forest Type and the Diameter Growth Characteristics of Korean Fir (Abies koreana Wilson) on Mt. Halla. Department of Forest Resources, MS. Thesis, Kookmin Univ., Korea. pp. 1-42 (in Korean).
KMA. 2020. Korean Meteorological Administration. http://
Koh, J.G., D.S. Kim, S.C. Koh and M.H. Kim. 1996. Dynamics of Abies koreana forests in Mt. Halla. Society for Jeju Studies 13:223-241 (in Korean).
Koh, J.G., O.M. Myung and C.S. Kim. 2008. Flora of Baengnokdam Crater and Dongsuak Crater of Mt. Halla, Korea. J. Korean Plant Environ. 4(1):1-11 (in Korean).
Kong, W.S. 2014. Species composition and distribution of native Korean conifers. J. Korean Geo. 39(4):528-543 (in Korean).
Kong, W.S. and D. Watts. 1993. The plant Geography of Korea with Emphasis on the Alpine Zones. Kluwer Academic Publishers Dodrecht, Czech Republic. pp. 1-244.
Korea Forest Service and Korean Society of Forest Science. 2011. Forest and Forestry Terminology and Concepts Dictionary. Daejeon, Korea. pp. 1-921 (in Korean).
Korea National Arboretum. 2008. Rare Plants Data Book in Korea. Pocheon, Korea. pp. 1-296 (in Korean).
Korea National Arboretum. 2014. Forest of Korea(Ⅰ) Conservation of Korean fir (Abies Koreana) in a Changing Environment. Pocheon, Korea. pp. 1-231.
Korea National Arboretum. 2020. Korean Biodiversity Information System. (accessed on 10 April 2020).
Kupferschmid, A.D., S. Zimmermann and H. Bugmann. 2013. Browsing regime and growth response of naturally regenerated Abies alba saplings along light gradients. For. Ecol. Manage. 310:393-404. 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.08.048
Kupferschmid, A.D., U. Wasem and H. Bugmann. 2014. Light availability and ungulate browsing determine growth, height and mortality of Abies alba saplings. For. Ecol. Manage. 318:359-369. 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.01.027
Lee, D.G., K.W. Kwon, J.H. Kim and G.T. Kim. 2014. Silviculture: sustainable Ecological Management of Forest. Hyangmunsa. Seoul, Korea. pp. 1-334 (in Korean).
Lee, G.Y. 1992. Diameter distribution and community structure of Korean fir (Abies Koreana) stand in Mt. Jiri. Res. Bull. Exp. Forests. Gyeongsang National Univ. 2:1-15 (in Korean).
Lee, J.W. 2017. A study on the Occurrence of Seedlings and Saplings of Korean fir (Abies koreana E.H. Wilson) on Mt. Hallasan National Park. Department of Forest Resources, MS. thesis, The Kookmin Univ., Korea. p. 64 (in Korean).
Lee, K.Y. 1974. The Influence of seed-size on the growth of seedlings and some characters in Pinus koraiensis. J. Agric. Life Sci. 8:19-24 (in Korean).
Lee, T.B. 1970. Abies koreana and its new forms discovered. J. Korean Soc. For. Sci. 10(1):5-6 (in Korean).
Lee, T.B. 1982. Endemic plants and their distribution in Korea. Bulletin of the Kwanak Arboretum, Seoul, Korea. pp. 71-113 (in Korean).
Lee, T.B. 2006. Coloured Flora of Korea, Vol Ⅰ, Ⅱ. Hyangmunsa, Seoul, Korea. pp. 1-914 (in Korean).
Lee, Y.W. and S.C. Hong. 1995. Ecological studies on the vegetation characteristics of the Abies koreana forest. J. Korean Soc. For. Sci. 84(2):247-257 (in Korean).
Ministry of Environment. 2016. Plant community structure and ecosystem function assessment techniques developed by the computing visualization techniques. Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute, Seoul, Korea. pp. 1-372 (in Korean).
NIBR. 2020. Korean Endangered Species. (accessed on 10 April 2020).
Park, B.J., J.D. Kim, J.W. Lee, S.W. Cho, T.I. Heo, D.H. Lee and J.G. Byun. 2021. A study on correlation between species composition and environmental factors in Abies koreana forest. Korean J. Plant Res. 34(2):144-155 (in Korean).
Park, I.H. and G.D. Kim. 1986. Forest structure, biomass, and net production in a natural forest ecosystem at Mt. Baekun area. Forest Bioenergy 6(1):1-45 (in Korean).
Potvin, F., B. Pierre and L. Gaétan. 2003. The eradication of balsam fir stands by white-tailed deer on Anticosti Island, Quebec: a 150-year process. Ecoscience 10(4):487-495.  10.1080/11956860.2003.11682796
Shin, H.T., N.H. Yoo, J.S. Shin and H.G. Kang. 2010. A study on the physiological cycle of the Korean fir (Abies koreana) according to climate change: focusing on the Gyeongsangnam-do Area. Proc. Pl. Res. So. Korea. 5:65.
Song, J.H., K.H. Jang and S.D. Hur. 2010. variation of seed and germination characteristics of Abies koreana Wilson populations in Korea. Jour. Korean For. Soc. 99(6):849-854 (in Korean).
Song, K.M. 2011. Vegetation structure and dynamics of Abies koreana forests on Mt. Halla. Department of Biological Science, Ph.D. Thesis, Jeju National University, Korea. p. 97.
Song, K.M., C.S. Kim, J.G. Koh, C.H. Kang and M.H. Kim. 2009. A study on topographic characteristics of the distribution area of Hallasan Korean fir (Abies koreana) forest through image analysis. Proc. Pl. Res. So. Korea. 5:66.
Song, K.M., C.S. Kim, J.G. Koh, C.H. Kang and M.H. Kim. 2010. Vegetation structure and distributional characteristics of Abies koreana forests in Mt. Halla. J. Environ. Sci. Int. 19(4):415-425 (in Korean). 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.415
Song, K.M., Y.J. Kan and H.J. Hyeon. 2014. Vegetation structure at the slope direction and characteristic of seedlings of Abies koreana in Hallasan mountain. J. Environ. Sci. Int. 23(1):39-46 (in Korean). 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.1.39
Wilson, E.H. 1920. Four new conifers from Korea. J. Arnold Arbor. 1:186-190.
Yim, Y.J., G.S. Back and N.J. Lee. 1991. The Vegetation of Mt. Halla. A Study of Flora and Vegetation. CAU Publisher, Seoul, Korea. p. 103 (in Korean).
  • Publisher :The Plant Resources Society of Korea
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국자원식물학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Plant Resources
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국자원식물학회지
  • Volume : 34
  • No :5
  • Pages :491-501
  • Received Date :2021. 03. 19
  • Revised Date :2021. 04. 19
  • Accepted Date : 2021. 04. 28